Everything You Should Know About India Employment Practices
Understanding employment practices can be a great way of creating a healthy workspace – regardless if you’re an employee or an employer. Healthy employment practices matter all the more in India, where companies tend to sprout across the nation. Learn more about India Employment Practices and why it matters below.
What Is Meant by Employment Practices?
Employment practices are the treatment and actions taken towards or on an employee in a workplace. It refers to an employer’s relationship and their employee in the company setting – how the employer manages the employees from day-to-day. Examples of employment practices can be seen below.
- Interviewing an applicant.
- Hiring an applicant.
- Reviewing employee’s performance.
- Recognising and awarding an employee’s contribution.
- Employee’s hours of work, rest time and rest days.
- Employee’s occupational safety and health.
- Transfers and reassignment of an employee.
- Termination of an employee.
India’s Constitution clearly states in Article 14 the rights of employees to equality before the law. However, not all discriminations are considered illegal in India. Some types of discrimination, such as sexual harassment, is deemed unlawful; however, discrimination against caste and ethnicity are not considered illegal in the private sector.
Illegal Employment Practices
Wrongful or unlawful employment practices happen when a company chooses to bend the law and take matters into its own hands. There are plenty of wrongful employment practices that happens so too often. Some of these illegal employment practices include:
- Wrongful termination of an employee.
- Sexual harassment.
- Discrimination of race, sex, caste, religion, gender and age.
- Invasion of privacy.
- Causing employee emotion distress.
What You Can Do
Workplace discrimination must never be tolerated or overlooked. Here’s what can you do:
- As an employer.
If you find out that there are illegal employment practices on your company’s premises, you need to take the issue seriously and investigate it. Some wrongful employment practices may hide in plain sight, so do keep a close eye on your all staffs, including those in charges, such as managers and supervisors. Practising good and professional ethics begins with you, the leader. Be an example and walk the talks of good employment practices.
- As an employee.
If you feel like you are being taken advantage of, speak to trusted personnel at the Human Resources department. However, if the matter is not taken seriously or if the taunting or discrimination at work continues, you can engage a legal professional’s services to guide you out on how to report the discrimination. Apart from that, you can also educate yourself on employment practices and employees’ rights. This way, you will be able to know what to do if faced with such a situation.
Every qualified applicant and employee deserve the right to be hired and succeed. Denying an eligible applicant to a job or refusing to promote a well-deserved employee for no good reason is blatant discrimination.
Employing Good Employment Practices
Good employment practices are undoubtedly crucial in any workplace. With India’s rapid and dynamic employment scene, employment practices must always be regulated and kept in check. A work environment with standardised and proper employment practices and etiquettes makes all the difference to the employees. Top management should bear the responsibility and routinely check every management level to ensure good practices are followed.